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    Yoani Sánchez Is Cuba's Digital Enemy Number One

    Written by

    Abraham Riesman

    "I'll tell you where she's staying," Yoani Sánchez's friend told me over the phone. "But this is top-secret, okay?"

    He'd been helping me set up an exclusive interview with Sánchez -- Cuba's premier dissident blogger -- during her brief stop in New York City. And he had reason to be concerned about her location getting out: Sánchez was in the midst of a massive world tour, and just days before, she'd faced vicious crowds of pro-Castro protesters in Brazil and Mexico.

    Sánchez is used to that kind of fury. Since starting her blog, "Generación Y," in 2007, she's become the Castro regime's most internationally visible opponent. Her site gets millions of hits per month, and hundreds of thousands of people follow her on Twitter, and she uses those platforms to shed light on life within the western hemisphere's last true dictatorship. She reports on everything from mass arrests to the terror of the national census, from sudden spikes in food prices to the hardships of Cuban victims of domestic violence.

    This blogging is especially remarkable because Internet access is incredibly restricted in Cuba. Partly, that's due to technological backwardness: the impoverished country has virtually no high-speed Internet connections, even after the recent completion of Alba-1, a fiber-optic cable link to Venezuela.

    But the scarcity of access is also due to extreme government restrictions. There are huge legal hurdles that prevent Cubans from having home computers and public computers usually just connect to RedCubana, a closed intranet system containing only regime-approved sites. An estimated 98% of Cubans have no Web access, and the government shows no sign of reducing that number.

    So how does Sánchez do what she does? Not easily. She's been repeatedly arrested and beaten up by regime thugs. She has to use roundabout methods to get her blog posts published. And after years of being denied a travel visa, she was only granted one a few months ago (she says she's not sure why the government changed its mind).

    During her whirlwind trip to New York, full of speaking engagements and press conferences, we caught up with Sánchez at the hotel where she was staying under a pseudonym. She only speaks Spanish, so Argentina-born Motherboard writer Leandro Oliva spoke with her and covered a wide range of topics. Just a day or so after we were done, she was off to more cities and countries. her world tour continues, and she doesn't know what will happen when she eventually returns to her homeland.

    Check out our video to learn about Cuba's underground railroad of USB drives, how to blog without a computer, and how Raúl Castro is getting craftier at using the Internet as a weapon against dissidents.